Emigration in Ireland
Below is a timeline of events that happened around the country which either displaced individuals or caused them to eventually emigrate. Approximately 10 million people born in Ireland have emigrated since 1800.
16th & 17th Century
- Early Plantations 1556-1576.
- Munster Plantations 1583 onwards.
- Ulster Plantations 1606 onwards.
- Flight of the Earls 1607.
- Later Plantations 1610-1641.
- 1641 Rebellion.
- Cromwell 1649-1653.
- Flight of the Wild Geese 1691.
- Penal Laws 1695-1829.
- The Great Famine or Great Hunger 1845-1852 decimated Ireland’s population through starvation, disease and emigration. Those leaving for all over the world
- Penal Transportation to Australia from 1788 to 1868
- Due to wars and economic upheaval and especially in the 1950s and 1980s many individuals left their homesteads to avail of better opportunities abroad.
- During this period a more educated and highly skilled work force left to find employment. Many leaving of their own accord and not out of necessity as before
From Connemara to Alaska
The Queen of Alaska
Bridget Mannion was born in February 1865 in Rosmuc, Galway.
In 1885 she emigrated to St. Paul, Minnesota. In 1892 she came to Napoleon Creek, Alaska. Receiving 150 marriage proposals while there.
In 1894 she married Edward Aylward. In 1896, while visiting friends in Seattle she was dubbed Queen of Alaska by the newspapers, and in 1909 she was officially ‘crowned’ her title. Having made her fortune with gold mining.
She moved back to Rosmuc in 1948, passing away in 1958.
What did they do?
The Irish abroad availed of every chance they could. Some worked hard all their lives and others took advantage of the opportunities that arose.
- Some were soldiers and fought in distant lands.
- Others built the cities, roads and railways of England and the United States.
- Some were slaves and servants, gaining independence.
- There were those who chanced their luck, mining for gold, silver or oil.
Videos about the Diaspora